CGAL 4.12  Inscribed Areas

This chapter describes algorithms which for a given point set compute the "best" inscribed object from a specific class.
We provide algorithms for computing maximal inscribed \( k\)gons (triangles, quadrilaterals, \( \dots\) ) of a planar point set \( P\). Maximal \( k\)gons are convex, and it is known that their vertices can be chosen to be vertices of the convex hull of \( P\). Hence, the functions maximum_area_inscribed_k_gon_2()
and maximum_perimeter_inscribed_k_gon_2()
operate on convex polygons only. The example below shows that the largest area triangle (green) and the largest perimeter triangle (orange, containing the top point) of a point set are different in general.
Inscribed volumes are also frequently applied to extract geometric properties of objects. The largest area triangle is for example used in heuristics for matching archaeological aerial photographs. Largest perimeter triangles are used in scoring cross country soaring flights, where the goal is basically to fly as far as possible, but still return to the departure airfield. To score simply based on the total distance flown is not a good measure, since circling in thermals allows to increase it easily.
We further provide an algorithm for computing the maximal area inscribed axis parallel rectangle for a point set.
Given a set of points in the plane, the class Largest_empty_iso_rectangle_2<T>
is a data structure that maintains an isorectangle with the largest area among all isorectangles that are inside a given isorectangles, and that do not contain any point of the point set.