## CGAL::Segment_3<Kernel>

### Definition

An object s of the data type Segment_3<Kernel> is a directed straight line segment in the three-dimensional Euclidean space  3, i.e. a straight line segment [p,q] connecting two points p,q 3. The segment is topologically closed, i.e. the end points belong to it. Point p is called the source and q is called the target of s. The length of s is the Euclidean distance between p and q. Note that there is only a function to compute the square of the length, because otherwise we had to perform a square root operation which is not defined for all number types, which is expensive, and may not be exact.

### Creation

 Segment_3 s ( Point_3 p, Point_3 q); introduces a segment s with source p and target q. It is directed from the source towards the target.

### Operations

 bool s.operator== ( q) Test for equality: Two segments are equal, iff their sources and targets are equal. bool s.operator!= ( q) Test for inequality. Point_3 s.source () returns the source of s. Point_3 s.target () returns the target of s. Point_3 s.min () returns the point of s with smallest coordinate (lexicographically). Point_3 s.max () returns the point of s with largest coordinate (lexicographically). Point_3 s.vertex ( int i) returns source or target of s: vertex(0) returns the source, vertex(1) returns the target. The parameter i is taken modulo 2, which gives easy access to the other vertex. Point_3 s.point ( int i) returns vertex(i). Point_3 s.operator[] ( int i) returns vertex(i). Kernel::FT s.squared_length () returns the squared length of s. Vector_3 s.to_vector () returns the vector s.target() - s.source(). Direction_3 s.direction () returns the direction from source to target. Segment_3 s.opposite () returns a segment with source and target interchanged. Line_3 s.supporting_line () returns the line l passing through s. Line l has the same orientation as segment s, that is from the source to the target of s. bool s.is_degenerate () segment s is degenerate, if source and target fall together. bool s.has_on ( Point_3 p) A point is on s, iff it is equal to the source or target of s, or if it is in the interior of s. Bbox_3 s.bbox () returns a bounding box containing s. Segment_3 s.transform ( Aff_transformation_3 t) returns the segment obtained by applying t on the source and the target of s.