An object of the class Segment_tree_k is a $$kdimensional segment tree that can store kdimensional intervals of type Interval. The class allows to perform window queries, enclosing queries, and inverse range queries on the keys. The class Segment_tree_k is parameterized with a segment tree traits class Traits that defines, among other things, the type of the Interval. In order to perform an inverse range query, a range query of $$ width has to be performed. We prefered not to offer an extra function for this sort of query, since the inverse range query is a special case of the range query. Furthermore, offering an inverse range query in the segment tree class implies offering this function also in the range tree class and having an extra item in the traits class that accesses the inverse range query point.
CGAL provides traits class implementations that allow to use the segment tree with point classes from the CGAL kernel as keys. These classes are CGAL::Range_segment_tree_traits_set_2<R>, CGAL::Range_segment_tree_traits_set_3<R>, CGAL::Segment_tree_traits_map_2<R> and CGAL::Segment_tree_traits_map_3<R>. The concept RangeSegmentTreeTraits_d defines the requirements that segment tree traits classes must fulfill. This allows the advanced user to develop further segment tree traits classes.
#include <CGAL/Segment_tree_k.h>
 
the type of the segment tree traits class.

 


 

 
Introduces an empty segment tree S.
 
 
 
Introduces a segment tree S and initializes it with the data
in the range [first, last). Precondition: value_type(first) == Traits::Interval.

 

 
Introduces a segment tree S and initializes it with the data
in the range [first, last). This function can only be applied
once on an empty segment tree. Precondition: value_type(first) == Traits::Interval.  
 

 
writes all intervals that have non empty intersection with interval window to the container
where out points to, and returns an output iterator that points
to the last location the function wrote to. Precondition: value_type(out) == Traits::Interval.  
 

 
writes all intervals that enclose in the interval window to the container
where out points to, and returns an output iterator that points
to the last location the function wrote to. Precondition: value_type(out) == Traits::Interval. 
This example illustrates the use of the predefined segment tree on 3dimensional interval data (with no value associated). After the definition of the traits type and tree type, some intervals are constructed and the tree is build according to the intervals. Then, a window query is performed and the query elements are given out.
#include <CGAL/Cartesian.h> #include <CGAL/Segment_tree_k.h> #include <CGAL/Range_segment_tree_traits.h> typedef CGAL::Cartesian<int> K; typedef CGAL::Range_segment_tree_set_traits_3<K> Traits; typedef CGAL::Segment_tree_3<Traits> Segment_tree_3_type; int main() { typedef Traits::Interval Interval; typedef Traits::Key Key; std::list<Interval> InputList, OutputList; InputList.push_back(Interval(Key(1,5,7), Key(2,7,9))); InputList.push_back(Interval(Key(2,7,6), Key(3,8,9))); InputList.push_back(Interval(Key(6,9,5), Key(9,13,8))); InputList.push_back(Interval(Key(1,3,4), Key(3,9,8))); Segment_tree_3_type Segment_tree_3(InputList.begin(),InputList.end()); Interval a(Key(3,6,5), Key(7,12,8)); Segment_tree_3.window_query(a,std::back_inserter(OutputList)); std::list<Interval>::iterator j = OutputList1.begin(); std::cout << "\n window_query (3,6,5),(7,12,8) \n"; while(j!=OutputList.end()){ std::cout << (*j).first.x() << "," << (*j).first.y() << ","; std::cout << (*j).first.z() <<", " << (*j).second.x() << ","; std::cout << (*j).second.y() << "," << (*j).second.z() << std::endl; j++; } }