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CGAL 4.13 - 2D Arrangements
CGAL::Arr_polycurve_traits_2< SubcurveTraits_2 > Class Template Reference

#include <CGAL/Arr_polycurve_traits_2.h>


Note: The SubcurveTraits_2 can comprise of Line_segments, Conic_arcs, Circular_arc, Bezier_curves, or Linear_curves.

A portion or a part of any of the above mentioned geometric traits is called a subcurve.

The traits class Arr_polycurve_traits_2 handles piecewise curves that are not necessarily linear, such as conic arcs, circular arcs, Bezier curves, or line segments. We call such a compound curve a polycurve. A polycurve is a chain of subcurves, where each two neighboring subcurves in the chain share a common endpoint; that is, the polycurve is continuous. Furthermore, the target of the \(i\)th segement of a polycurve has to coincide with the source of the \(i+1\)st segment; that is, the polycurve has to be well-oriented. Note that it is possible to construct general polycurves that are neither continuous nor well-oriented, as it is impossible to enforce this precondition (using the set of predicates required by the relevant concepts, see below). However, such polycurves cannot be used for the actual computation of arrangements. The traits class template exploits the functionality of the SubcurveTraits_2 template-parameter to handle the subcurves that compose the polycurve.

The type substituting the template parameter SubcurveTraits_2 when the template Arr_polycurve_traits_2 is instantiated must be a model of the concepts

If, in addition, the SubcurveTraits_2 models the concept ArrangementApproximateTraits_2 then Arr_polycurve_traits_2 models this concept as well. The same holds for the concept ArrangementOpenBoundaryTraits_2. If no type is provided, then Arr_segment_traits_2 (instantiated with Exact_predicates_exact_constructions_kernel as the kernel) is used. Otherwise, Arr_algebraic_segment_traits_2<Coefficient>, Arr_Bezier_curve_traits_2<RatKernel, AlgKernel, NtTraits>, Arr_circle_segment_traits_2<Kernel>, Arr_conic_traits_2<RatKernel, AlgKernel, NtTraits>, Arr_linear_traits_2<Kernel>, Arr_non_caching_segment_traits_2<Kernel>, Arr_segment_traits_2<Kernel>, Arr_rational_function_traits_2<AlgebraicKernel_d_1>, or any other model of the concepts above can be used.

The number type used by the injected subcurve traits should support exact rational arithmetic (that is, the number type should support the arithmetic operations \( +\), \( -\), \( \times\) and \( \div\) carried out without loss of precision), in order to avoid robustness problems, although other inexact number types could be used at the user's own risk.

A polycurve that comprises \(n > 0\) subcurves has \( n+1 \) subcurve end-points, and they are represented as objects of type SubcurveTraits_2::Point_2. Since the notion of a vertex is reserved to 0-dimensional elements of an arrangement, we use, in this context, the notion of points in order to refer to the vertices of a polycurve. For example, an arrangement induced by a single non-self intersecting polycurve has exactly two vertices regardless of the number of subcurve end-points. Finally, the types Subcurve_2 and X_monotone_subcurve_2 nested in Arr_polycurve_traits_2 are nothing but SubcurveTraits_2::Curve_2 and SubcurveTraits_2::X_monotone_curve_2, respectively.

A note on Backwards compatibility
In CGAL version 4.2 (and earlier) any object of the X_monotone_curve_2 type nested in Arr_polycurve_traits_2 which in that version was called Arr_polyline_tratis_2 maintained a direction invariant; namely, its vertices were ordered in an ascending lexicographical \((xy)\)-order. This restriction is no longer imposed and X_monotone_curve_2 can be now directed either from right-to-left or left-to-right. If you wish to maintain a left-to-right orientations of the \(x\)-monotone polycurve, set the macro CGAL_ALWAYS_LEFT_TO_RIGHT to 1 before any CGAL header is included.

Is Model Of:



ArrangementApproximateTraits_2 (if the type that substitutes the template parameter SubcurveTraits_2 models the concept as well)

See also
Arr_Bezier_curve_traits_2<RatKernel, AlgKernel, NtTraits>
Arr_conic_traits_2<RatKernel, AlgKernel, NtTraits>


class  Construct_curve_2
 Construction functor of a general (not necessarily \(x\)-monotone) polycurve. More...
class  Construct_x_monotone_curve_2
 Construction functor of \(x\)-monotone polycurve. More...
class  Curve_2
 The Curve_2 type nested in the Arr_polycurve_traits_2 represents general continuous piecewise-linear subcurves (a polycurve can be self-intersecting) and support their construction from range of subcurves. More...
class  Make_x_monotone_2
 Subdivide the given subcurve into x-monotone subcurves and insert them into the given output iterator. More...
class  Number_of_points_2
 Function object which returns the number of subcurve end-points of a polycurve. More...
class  Push_back_2
 Functor to augment a polycurve by either adding a vertex or a subcurve at the back. More...
class  Push_front_2
 Functor to augment a polycurve by either adding a vertex or a subcurve at the front. More...
class  Trim_2
class  X_monotone_curve_2
 The X_monotone_curve_2 class nested within the polycurve traits is used to represent \( x\)-monotone piecewise linear subcurves. More...


typedef SubcurveTraits_2::Point_2 Point_2
typedef SubcurveTraits_2::Curve_2 Subcurve_2
typedef SubcurveTraits_2::X_monotone_curve_2 X_monotone_subcurve_2

Accessing Functor Objects

Construct_curve_2 construct_curve_2_object () const
Construct_x_monotone_curve_2 construct_x_monotone_curve_2_object () const
Number_of_points_2 number_of_points_2_object () const
Push_back_2 push_back_2_object () const
Push_front_2 push_front_2_object () const
Make_x_monotone_2 make_x_monotone_2_object () const